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As of the latest population census in 2011, Canada had 33.476.688 inhabitants. Distributed evenly over the entire area of this large country, that makes for an average of 3.7 people per square kilometre. In contrast, Germany’s population density is 229 individuals per square kilometre.

However, the majority of Canadians live in the metropolitan centres. As of 2011 more than 23.1 million Canadians lived in one of the 33 metropolitan areas, this is 69.1% of Canada’s population. More than one Canadian in three lives in one of Canada’s three largest urban centres with a population of more than 1 million: Toronto, Montréal and Vancouver. 

Today the Canadian population continues to grow predominantly through immigration. In the last ten years, two-thirds of the population growth could be attributed to that factor. Overall, the population grew by 5.9% between 2006 and 2011, making it the highest growth rate of the G-8 countries.

Of all the provinces and territories, Yukon, at 11.6%, has experienced the largest population growth between 2006 and 2011. Among the provinces, the largest growth in population was in Alberta (+10.8%) followed by British Columbia (+7.0%) and by the province of Saskatchewan (+6.7%). In Yukon, the rise is related to the increased number of immigrants and non-permanent residents between 2006 and 2011, as well as gains in Yukon's migratory exchanges with Canada's other provinces and territories.

The youngest overall population in Canada is found in Nunavut, which has an average age of just 24.1 years, far lower than the Canadian national average of 40.6 years.

Canada is among the most popular countries for immigration. This popularity has increased the ethnic and cultural diversity of the country, especially since the liberalization of immigration policies in the 1960s and 1970s. In 2011, Canada counted 259.969 immigrants. Over the years, immigrants to Canada have come from varying regions of the world. In 2009 the number of immigrants coming from Asia reached 56.4%. Since 2001, the main countries of origin for new immigrants have been China and India, and since 2004 also the Philippines register a steady growing number.

Within the last fifty years the population of Canada has almost doubled. At the same time, it has become more ethnically and culturally diverse and has in fact, become one of the most multicultural countries in the world.

Source: Statistics Canada

The biggest cities ...

Toronto (5.6m inhabitants)
Montréal (3.8m)
Vancouver (2.3m)
Ottawa-Gatineau (1.2m)
Calgary und Edmonton (1.2m each)


The most populous province

12.9m inhabitants


Population growth

5.9 %


Percentage of immigrant population

19.8 (2006 Census)